Teaching with Student Response Systems
Facilitate Class Discussion - Poll students and discuss reasons for their opinions. Engage normally shy students and encourage them to participate in the discussion.
- Topics include Generating Discussion, Strategies for Leading Discussion, and Structuring Class Time.
Encourage Peer Instruction - Allow students to share their opinions through discussions and see if they come to the same conclusions about the lecture topics.
- Topics include Generating Small-Group Discussion and Handling Peer Instruction.
Multi-pass Learning - Quickly revisit material throughout the term to review and reinforce previously learned material to improve retention.
Guide Your Lectures - Poll students and collect immediate feedback about their understanding of the topics of your lecture. Use results to direct your presentation (Agile Teaching).
- Topics include Agile Teaching, Multi-pass Learning, Running a Lecture, and Gathering Feedback on Teaching.
Make Your Classes More Interactive - Increasingly tech-savvy students expect to use technology in the classroom with a growing focus on interactivity. Use student response systems to engage students in the class. Make your class an active learning experience.
- Topics include Students and Technology and Explaining the Rationale for Clickers.
Collect Data and Assess Students - Collect data on course content or learning preferences. Use this to alter your future courses or current material. Gather responses from all the students in a class simultaneously. Track participantion and student understanding.
- Topics include Assessing Learning, Assessment Stages and Objectives,Ideas for Assessment, Participation,Grading, and Cheating.
Offer Quizzes and Pre-Exam Reviews - Save time by using student response systems for quizzes without having to manually grade them. Or use clicker games for pre-exam reviews, which make reviews more fun and effective.
- Topics include Ideas for Quizzes and Clicker Games.
- Best Practices
- Teaching choices surrounding clickers in the classroom
- Writing effective clicker questions
Determine if Clickers Are Right for Your Teaching Style
- Is your main reason for using clickers to enhance interactive teaching and learning?
- Are you willing to have an active classroom environment?
- Are you willing to shift discussion based on the students’ responses to questions?
- Are you prepared to devote more class time than usual to questions using the clickers?
Courses that Benefit from Clickers
- Large lecture, sequence classes
- Team based courses and activities
Before Class: Prepare!!!
- Develop sound questions ahead of time that are relevant to the topic being presented.
- Take time to practice with the equipment you will use in class.
At Beginning of Quarter
- Explain that the benefits and purpose of using the clickers, and inform students of your expectations.
- Advise students on care of clickers.
- Have a clear policy in your syllabus on what you consider cheating with clickers and identify the consequences.
Questioning Techniques and Tips
- Use a “Testing-the-System” question.
- Student Survey Top Three Questions Types: Opinion, Reading Review Questions, and Mid-lecture questions.
- Incorporate peer instruction activities using the clickers.
- Base some of your clicker questions on the out of class activities.
- Incorporate 2-3 clicker questions in each class period.
- Keep the level of difficulty at an intermediate level.
- If using the timer on the slide, consider giving students 30 seconds or more to process and respond.
If Using Clicker Responses for Grades
- Use the clickers for a minimal part of the course grade.
- Do not grade responses during the first week of class.
- Provide timely feedback to students regarding their grades.